Lepanto chess set

Lepanto chess set is an illustration of the largest naval battle of the 16th century between the Turkish and the united Christian fleets, which took place on October 7, 1571 near Lepanto (the medieval name of Nafpaktos (Greece) on the northern coast of the Gulf of Patras).

The battle was preceded by the capture by the Turks of the Venetian trading posts in Morea, Cyprus and on the islands of the Aegean Sea, the establishment of Turkish suzerainty over Algeria.

To resist Turkish expansion, on May 25, 1571, the Holy League was created within the Spanish Empire, Pope Pius V (Pope from January 17, 1566 to May 1, 1572), Venice, Genoa and other Italian states.

The league's fleet (the main striking force of which was 208 galleys) under the command of don Juan of Austria discovered the Turkish forces led by Ali Pasha Muezzina-zadeh (275 galleys) in the Gulf of Patras and attacked it.

The battle, which took the form of separate fierce battles, ended in the complete victory of the Christians. The losses of the Turks amounted to 30 thousand people killed and wounded, 3 thousand people were taken prisoner. The Christians captured or sank almost the entire Turkish fleet (only 35 ships were saved), freed 15 thousand slaves who were used as rowers on galleys.

The flagship of Ali Pasha Muezzin-zade was taken on board, Ali Pasha Muezzin-zade himself was killed.

The victory at Lepanto made it possible to dispel the myth of the invincibility of the Turks, but did not affect the outcome of the confrontation between the Christian states and the Ottoman Empire (according to the treaty of 1573, Venice ceded Cyprus to the last, in 1574 Tunisia was returned to the Turks, captured a year earlier by Juan of Austria).

The Battle of Lepanto was the last major battle of the galley fleets in history.

It is noteworthy that one of the participants in the battle was the great Spanish writer Miguel Cervantes (1547-1616), who was wounded in the arm during the battle. On the way home, he was captured by pirates and sold into slavery. Impressions from the Battle of Lepanto, the way home and being captured by pirates are reflected in the novel of the writer "Don Quixote".

Material: Porcelain.

Covered with: Gold, platinum, salt, glaze, underglazes.

King Height: 21 cm.

Chessboard material: Karelian birch.

Chessboard size: 66 x 66 cm.

Edition of 32 pieces.

Price: 6500 euros (20 150 BYN).